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Health: Hemorrhoids: Modern Remedies for an Ancient Disease


Hemorrhoids (HEM-uh-roids) also called piles are swollen veins in your anus and lower rectum. Similar to varicose veins,Hemorrhoids have a number of causes,although often the cause is unknown.
They may result from straining during bowel movement or from the increased pressure on those veins during pregnancy.Hemorrhoids may be located inside the rectum (internal hemorrhoids), or they may develop under the skin around the anus.

Hemorrhoids are very common,nearly 3 out of 4 adults will have hemorrhoids from time to time.sometimes,they cause symptoms but at other times they cause itching,discomfort and bleeding.
Occasionally, a clot may form in a hemorrhoid (thromboses hemorrhoid).these are not dangerous but can be extremely painful and sometimes need to be lanced and drained.
Fortunately, many effective options are available to treat hemorrhoids. Many people can get relief from symptoms from home treatments and lifestyle changes.


SYMPTOMS

Signs and symptoms of hemorrhoid may include;

1.Painless bleeding during bowel movement,you might notice small amounts of bright red blood on your toilet tissue or in the toilet.

2.Itching or irritation in your anal region

3.Pain or discomfort

4.Swelling around your anus

5.A lump or two near your anus,which may be sensitive or painful (may be a thromboses hemorrhoid).

Hemorrhoid symptoms usually depends on the location.
Internal hemorrhoids; these lies inside the rectum,you usually can't see or feel these hemorrhoids,and they rarely cause discomfort,but straining or irritation when passing stool can damage a hemorrhoid surface and cause it to bleed.

External hemorrhoids; these are under the skin around your anus.when irritated, external hemorrhoids can itch or bleed.

Thromboses;sometimes,blood may pool in an external hemorrhoid and form a clot (thrombus), that can result in severe pain,swelling,inflammation and a hard lump near your anus.

WHEN TO SEE A DOCTOR

Bleeding during bowel movement is the most common sign of hemorrhoid,your doctor can do a physical examination and perform other tests to confirm hemorrhoid and rule out more serious conditions or diseases.

Don't assume that rectal bleeding is due to hemorrhoid,especially if you are over 40 years old.rectal bleeding can occur with other diseases,including colorectal cancer and anus cancer.if you have bleeding along with a marked change in bowel habits or if your stools change in color or consistency,consult your doctor,these types of stool can signal more extensive bleeding somewhere in your digestive tract.

Seek emergency care if you experience large amounts of rectal bleeding,light headedness,dizziness or faintness.


CAUSES OF HEMORRHOIDS

Swollen veins (hemorrhoids) can develop from increased pressure in the lower rectum due to;
1.Straining during bowel movement

2.Sitting for long periods of time on the toilet seat

3.Chronic diarrhea or constipation

4.Obesity

5.Anal intercourse

6.Low fiber diet

Hemorrhoids are more likely to come out with aging because the tissues that supports the veins in the rectum and anus are weakened and stretched.


COMPLICATIONS

Complications of hemorrhoids are very rare but include;

-Anemia;rarely,chronic blood loss from hemorrhoids may cause anemia in which one don't have enough healthy red blood cells to carry oxygen to your cells.

-Estrangulated hemorrhoid;if blood supply to an internal hemorrhoid is cut off,the hemorrhoid may be 'strangulated';another cause of extreme pain.


PREVENTIONS

The best way to prevent hemorrhoid is to keep your stool soft,so they pass easily.

1.Eat high-fiber foods;eat more fruits and vegetables and whole grains.doing so softens the stool and increases its bulk;which will help avoid the straining that cause hemorrhoid.
Add fibers to to your diets slowly to avoid problems with gas.

2.Drink plenty fluids;drink six to eight glasses of water and other fluids (not alcohol) each day to help keep stools soft.

3.Consider fiber supplements;most people don't get enough of the recommended amounts of fiber-25 grams a day for women and 38 grams a day for men.
Fiber supplements such as Metamucil and Citrucel improve overall symptoms and bleeding from hemorrhoids.

4.Don't strain;straining and holding your breath when trying to pass a stool creates greater pressure in the veins in the lower rectum.

5.Go as soon as you feel the urge;if you wait to pass a bowel movement and the urge goes away,your stool could become dry and harder to pass.

6.Exercise;stay active to help prevent constipation and to reduce pressure on the veins which occur with long periods of standing or sitting.

7.Avoid long periods of sitting;sitting too long particularly on the toilet seat can increase the pressure on the veins in the anus.


NATURAL HOME REMEDIES FOR HEMORRHOIDS

Proven home treatments and remedies for hemorrhoid you can apply to prevent and cure your hemorrhoids.

1.Sitz bath
After filling a sitz bath,shallow bucket or a bathtub with warm water,you can add salt in the water to relieve inflammation.
Soak in the bath for about 20 minutes after bowel movement and two to three times a day.

2.Witch hazel
Soak a cotton ball into witch hazel,place it on the hemorrhoid for 10 minutes,3 to 4 times a day.you can mix witch hazel with warm water and take a sitz bath.

3.Aloe vera
Aloe very is an anti inflammatory and astringent properties that can shrink hemorrhoids and reduce inflammation.
Apply one or two drops of aloe vera on a cotton ball,then apply the ball to the area or you can remove the skin of the aloe very and the chill them for a short moment,put the aloe vera on the area for 15-20 minutes several times a day.